Steel & wood hods, USA 1938
A hod is a 3-sided tray with a pole handle for carrying mortar or brick at shoulder height.
A hawk is a square of wood or sheet metal with a handle on the underside used to hold plaster, drywall compound, or mortar.
While lightweight, rustproof aluminum makes an ideal hawk, it was slow to replace wood and steel. In the early 20th century, aluminum was an expensive metal due to its high refining costs. Today, aluminum smelting uses an average of 15.7 kWh of electricity to produce one kilogram of aluminum, versus about 21 kWh in the 1950s.
|Old steel plasterer's hawk, brass ferrule|
|Foulkes aluminum hod, UK 1951|
|1916 Cleveland Brick Clamp ad|